In nearly every city, the water that is used is treated in some way. Generally, a large water treatment facility in the city takes the water from local sources and processes it. Water can go through many different types of processes. These will vary according to the kind of water it is, and what quality of water is desired. However, this is just the first step in taking polluted water from being full of impurities and transforming it to pure water suitable for human consumption.
A water treatment facility will decide which processes to use on the water based on the source of the water itself. Some water is from ground surfaces, while others come from underground aquifers through the use of a well. Each requires different treatment processes depending on the area the water is from. The type of treatment the water undergoes will also hinge on what the water will be used for once it has completed treatment. In most cases, water is treated to drinking level quality. This is especially true when it is difficult to make sure that the public does not try to drink the water. Sometimes water is treated to drinking quality levels when it will be used in other ways, because it may not be practical to treat the water to different qualities and it is best to just make it all a drinking quality.
Almost all water is run though vigorous treatments that will screen out various types of debris first. Then it begins treatments that will eliminate the wide variety of pathogenic or disease causing microorganisms that inhabit most water sources. Some of these water treatment types are lime softening, stabilization, activated carbon absorption and fluoridation. All of these processes work to transform the polluted and harsh water into a better quality of water before it makes its journey to your residential or business location.
While water treatment facilities do a good job of removing a great deal of the pollutants from the water, they cannot remove everything. Once the water begins its journey through the pipes of the city it also picks up additional sediments along the way. These sediments combined with some of the elements that are not screened out at a treatment center can be harmful to a person’s health. To combat this growing problem, many people use water filter systems at their own location. These devices can work wonderfully by eliminating other toxins that have made their way into their drinking water.